Rwanda is a landlocked country surrounded by Burundi to the south, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, Uganda to the north, and Tanzania to the east. Lakes and open plains dominate the country’s eastern borders, while the north-west is covered in forests. The country has a surface area of 26,338km². The land of a thousand hills is known for its spectacular scenery and friendly people. Despite their harrowing past associated with the genocide in 1994, Rwanda has come back even stronger. Today, the country offers an explosion of cultural experiences and plenty of opportunity for those seeking wildlife. While many visit for gorillas trekking, there is much more to see and do.
Kigali, the capital city, is quite progressive. It has an international airport and car rental facilities available. The city also offers plenty of taxis and motorcycle taxis as a means to explore the city. It is one of the greenest and cleanest cities in Africa—plastic bags are banned.
Some of the major protected areas worth visiting are Akagera, Volcanoes, and Nyungwe National Parks. Akagera features Central Africa’s largest protected wetland and offers a refuge for savannah adapted species in Rwanda. It has the largest collection of wildlife in the entire country. It is the only Big 5 park in the country. Volcanoes National Park is the destination for gorilla tracking but also offers various hiking trails, caving adventures, and of course birding.
Travellers can visit Nyungwe for a trip back in time. Situated within one of the oldest rainforests in Africa, it is the ideal location to search for chimpanzees, one of 14 primate species found here. The park also features numerous trails, more than 1,000 plant species, and a canopy walk.
For those visiting Rwanda for gorilla trekking purposes, the best time to visit is between May and October, during the dry season. It offers ideal conditions for this safari experience. There are two wet seasons: between March and May and again between October and November.
All travellers should be up to date on their routine vaccinations, including measles, mumps, and rubella. The CDC recommends vaccines for hepatitis A, malaria, and typhoid for most travellers, while other vaccine recommendations include rabies, yellow fever, and hepatitis B.