Beautiful and wild Tanzania is world-renowned for its animal viewing and wildlife experiences. The Serengeti National Park was the first of its kind on the continent and may have been home to the first-ever safari. This spectacular country is the site of Africa’s highest and lowest points: Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,895 metres above sea level, and the floor of Lake Tanganyika at 1,471 metres below sea level.
Officially known as the United Republic of Tanzania, this East African country is within the African Great Lakes Region, with one border made up of the Indian ocean, and eight other countries making up its remaining borders. The capital city, Dar es Salaam, lies on the coast and is home to the major airport Julius Nyerere International. However, there are over 40 smaller airports and airstrips around the country, making travel by lightweight aircraft the fastest and most common. Self-drive is possible, though many areas require a guide to enter.
Tanzania is home to what could be called the A-list celebrities of tourism. The country is home to Mount Kilimanjaro, needing no introduction, Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent’s deepest lake. The renowned Serengeti that assists in hosting the Great Migration of wildebeest and zebra annually, is also found in Tanzania, as well as the UNESCO heritage site, the Ngorongoro Crater, which has the highest density of big game in Africa. These are just inland attractions and only a few of many. The coastal regions are just as well-known with Zanzibar and Mafia islands destinations in their own right.
Safari-goers to Africa need to make sure about visa requirements for the specific destination in their country of origin. Passports need to be valid for at least six months from the planned date of departure and there should also be enough blank pages for the necessary visas and stamps to be applied.
The World Health Organisation recommends the following vaccinations for Tanzania: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, rabies, meningitis, and tetanus. It is recommended that visitors check with a reputable travel clinic before departure as requirements may change.
It is advisable to make getting travel insurance as part of the planning of any safari. That ensures travellers are covered for unforeseen circumstances leading to the cancellation of the trip, as well as medical cover and repatriation should anything happen while on safari. If adventurous activities, such as hiking, mountain climbing, gorilla trekking, hot air ballooning or white water rafting, are part of the safari, comprehensive travel insurance is a must.