East Africa | Wild Safari Guide

Introduction to East Africa

Safari-goers making the trip to East Africa will encounter stunning scenery and wildlife wonders like nowhere else on the continent. Whether touching down in Kenya, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Rwanda or Burundi visitors can enjoy adventures of a lifetime in any of the astonishing national parks and game reserves.

Wildlife safaris and beach adventures abound in this region. Sightings of the Big Five—leopard, lion, elephant, rhino, and buffalo—are guaranteed, while a myriad of other fauna and flora species will delight visitors to the region. Experiences include gorilla trekking, hiking to the top of the highest point on the continent and witnessing the spectacle that is the Great Migration.

East Africa is the site of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, the two tallest peaks in Africa. It also includes the world’s second-largest freshwater lake, Lake Victoria, and the world’s second deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika. Because of a combination of the region’s generally high altitude and the rain shadow of the westerly monsoon winds created by the Rwenzori Mountains and Ethiopian Highlands, East Africa is surprisingly cool and dry for its latitude. Most of the rain falls in two distinct wet seasons, one centred on April and the other in October or November.

Given the sights and sounds, travellers to this part of the world are spoilt for choice when it comes to deciding on itineraries. What about combining a Kenya wildlife beach and bush safari, following the Great Migration through Tanzania and Kenya, go gorilla trekking in Uganda and Rwanda or taking to the waters of Malawi and Zanzibar.

There are more than enough national parks and game reserves in East Africa to experience the quintessential safari.

Tanzania and Kenya

Top spots for most visitors are the Serengeti in Tanzania and Masai Mara in Kenya, the backdrop of the yearly Great Migration when more than a million wildebeest and zebra depart on a circular trek.


In Uganda, safari-goers can follow in the footsteps of the mountain gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest or go searching for the famed tree-climbing lions of the Queen Elizabeth National Park.


The Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda is full of impressive rainforest and volcanic scenery of the Virunga Mountains, and a haven for the rare mountain gorillas found in this beautiful country.


The array of activities and experiences on offer in Malawi range from the bush to the beach and everything in between. In Lake Malawi National Park there are scenic landscapes, where various wildlife species roam as well as crisp, clean beaches along the water’s edge.


The chance to spot the aquatic antelope called the Sitatunga in Rusizi National Park is but one reason to travel to Burundi. The country also offers expansive views and spectacular rainforests, and boasts fantastic facilities and accommodation options to suit any traveller.

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