Elephant | Big 5 | Wild Safari Guide

Meet the Elephant

There are two living species of elephant in Africa—the African bush elephant and the African forest elephant. According to DNA, studies put the separation between these two species at between 2.6 and 5.6 million years ago.

As a senior member of the herd, a matriarch leads several adult cows and their off-spring that includes younger cows and sub-adult bulls. There is a great difference in readiness between cows and bulls when it comes to reproducing. While females generally start breeding between 10 and 12 years of age, males start siring offspring only from their mid-20’s onwards.

The structure of the brain of the African elephant makes it one of the most intelligent animals, along with primates and dolphins. Furthermore, this mighty mammal displays a range of actions that can be regarded as compassion, cooperation, and grief. The conservation status of the African elephant is regarded as “Vulnerable”. The biggest threat to the species is the illegal ivory trade.

Amazing Facts About African Elephants

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The king of the animal world rules supreme over the grasslands and savannah of sub-Saharan Africa as the second largest cat in the world.


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Both species of rhino have two horns from keratin growing at the front of their faces. They use it when feeding, to dig up roots, or break branches. 


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The leopard has the greatest distribution of all cats across sub-Saharan Africa. The least social, yet perhaps the most beautiful of the African Big Cats


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The Cape buffalo may present itself as just another bovine. However, its unpredictable mood has given rise to nicknames such as “ widowmaker”.

Popular Parks Across Africa

Amboseli National Park
Samburu National Park
Addo Elephant Park
Etosha National Park
Chobe National Park


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