Whether swinging from branch to branch or traipsing terrestrially, four subspecies of chimpanzees occur in Africa—Western, Central, Eastern, and Nigerian. The Bonobo is the other chimpanzee species on the continent.
The chimpanzee has an arsenal of communication tools, from sound to facial expressions and posture, that it uses in an array of situations. An open-mouthed grin is displayed when playful, while fear elicits a closed-mouthed grin. Using its hands and feet to beat against trees, known as drumming, the animal keeps in contact with its fellow troop members when moving around.
When it comes to its diet, the chimpanzee almost entirely exists on plants, fruits, roots, and leaves. They occasionally consume meat through species like insects. But it amounts to no more than 65 grams per day for an adult and then only during hunting season.
Poaching and habitat loss have resulted in the chimpanzee listed as “Endangered”. Experts estimate that between 170,000 and 300,000 are still found in the wild.
Volcanoes National Park lies in northwestern Rwanda and made up of rainforest and five of the eight volcanoes in the Virunga Mountains.
The Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is in southwestern Uganda and attracts tourists for the famous gorilla trekking.
Lope National Park lies in Central Gabon. No other region in Central Africa is considered more vital for primates than this National Park.
Virunga National Park is located in the eastern part of the DRC and home to the world’s critically endangered mountain gorillas.
Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania—is home to Lake Tanganyika where Jane Goodall’s chimpanzees have been habituated.