The lakes, rivers, marshlands, and swamps of 26 African countries teem with the mighty Nile crocodile. And although most-suited to freshwater as the largest predator of this terrain, it has occasionally been spotted in brackish lakes and deltas.
The jaw of a Nile crocodile is one of the most powerful in the animal world and can deliver bites of monumental proportions. It measures at a force of over 2,200 kilograms per 6.45 square centimetres. However, the muscles to open its mouth are relatively weak.
Even as cold-blooded reptiles, the Nile crocodile is a social creature. Sunny spots and food are regularly shared. As the prime member in such gatherings, male Nile crocodiles have first pick at the best location. If not adhered to, violent encounters often ensue.
Classified as ‘Least Concern’ under conservation status, the Nile Crocodile thrives in Africa, with as many as 500,000 on the continent. Hunting, pollution, and loss of habitat are the main threats to the species.