Lake Bogoria National Reserve lies about 1500 metres above sea level and offers a unique experience for nature enthusiasts. Nestled in the stunning Rift Valley of Kenya, Lake Bogoria is renowned for its impressive display of flamingo flocks that dance across the water and dazzle tourists every year. The National Reserve spans 107 square kilometres, with water covering 34 square kilometres. Around Lake Bogoria, thorny thickets of acacia dominate the area, while grassland and sedge Cyprus characterize the stunning landscape as well. At the base of the Rift Valley escarpment, the road goes alongside the lake. Loburu Hot Springs is a fascinating monument that serves as a reminder of the area’s tectonic activity, which produced the Rift Valley. The route ascends to views where the magnificent panorama can be seen in greater detail.
Lake Bogoria National Reserve is approximately 250 kilometres from Nairobi and about 38 kilometres from Nakuru, making it an excellent place to visit while staying at either Lake Nakuru or Lake Naivasha.
Overgrazing as a result of livestock encroachment is a major problem in the area, and there is very little wildlife to be seen. However, the birding is excellent, and the flamingos are the main attraction. Leopard tortoises can be found in large numbers, while impalas, dik-diks, zebras, Grant's gazelle, and warthogs are among the mammals that safari-goers might see while here. One of Kenya's last remaining populations of greater kudu can be found in the reserve, and despite their presence, these majestic antelope are extremely shy. For avid birders, Lake Bogoria National Reserve is home to more than 350 species of birds, but the major draw is a flock of two million lesser flamingos eating on algae in the shallow waters.
Lake Bogoria is open to visitors all year. The majority of the flamingos are present, but their numbers vary substantially. The birds normally arrive between August and October, when the lake's water level is at its lowest. Flamingos can't feed when water levels are too high or low, so they leave—the timing of this is unpredictable.
Aside from the spectacular display of pink lesser flamingos and a tiny number of greater flamingos that blanket the lake, the area is home to thermal volcanic springs. The majority of them are located around the lake's edge, while a few feed into the lake's bottom. These geysers are impressive, with eruptions reaching up to 5m (16ft) in height. There are more geysers in the park than anywhere else in Africa, with a total of 18. The reserve is also ideal for exploring on foot or by bicycle, with its vibrant displays of wildlife and dramatic geyser bursts demonstrating nature's strength and colour.
There is no accommodation in Lake Bogoria National Reserve. Those staying at Lake Nakuru or Lake Naivasha can book a visit to Lake Bogoria with ease.